Earned a Master’s degree in Geology from the University of Illinois.
Ph.D. in Oceanography from the University of Michigan.
He was also University of Michigan faculty for 30 years, teaching oceanography, scuba diving and diving technology, while serving as the university’s Diving Safety Officer.
Sea Grant’s lead researcher for Lake Lab (1970 in Grand Traverse Bay)
Authored the Research Diver’s Manual
He also worked with Dr. Martin Nemiroff (University of Michigan pulmonary specialist and diving medicine expert) on the famous cold water near-drowning research and outreach Michigan Sea Grant spearheaded during the late 1970s.